With no scandal or slammed doors of the Trump era, Joe Biden’s first G7 summit ended on Sunday with promises to work together, among allies, against pandemics and global warming, while challenging Russia and China.
The three-day meeting in Cornwall (south-west England), the first in almost two years, marked the return of direct contacts between leaders from the United Kingdom, the United States, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Canada.
But also joining the club of leaders of the great powers of the American Democratic president, determined to revive multilateralism, during his first trip abroad that must end in a long-awaited face-to-face meeting with Vladimir Poutin on Wednesday.
Joe Biden, who came to re-conquer the vampire allies under Donald Trump, hailed the summit as “extraordinarily collaborative and productive.”
That brought a “new impetus,” outgoing German Chancellor Angela Merkel said after her last G7 summit.
If the dispute between Europeans and Boris Johnson over Brexit was a blow to the good understanding shown on camera over family photos, banquets and barbecues on the beach, industrialized countries under his leadership sought to show a united front on major international issues.
Faced with a multiplication of calls for solidarity, they agreed to share a billion doses of anti-Covid vaccines by the end of 2022, with their funding or through the Covax sharing system, to fill the immunization delay in poor countries and promote a more egalitarian recovery.
According to them, this amounts to a total of two billion since the beginning of the health crisis.
– Moscow and Beijing singled out –
“I know the world was counting on us to reject the selfishness and nationalist approach that marked the response to the pandemic,” British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said. “I hope we’ve done the job.”
No, he regrets many non-governmental organizations: at least 11 billion doses are needed to end the pandemic. “G7 leaders have failed to fully meet the challenges of our time,” Oxfam accused.
The latter also defined a plan to fight with the hope that the world will be ready in less than 100 days to face a new pandemic and called for further WHO investigation into the origin of the virus in China.
The latter was specifically targeted at the summit, with Russia. In its final statement, the G7 called on Beijing to “respect human rights” in Xinjiang, where the Uighur minority lives, and in Hong Kong. He called on Russia to stop “its destabilizing activities” by providing support, especially for cyberatkacks.
To counter China’s “new Silk Road,” the G7 has launched a comprehensive infrastructure plan in the areas of climate, health, digital technology and the fight against inequality to help poor countries recover from the pandemic.
He will be “much fairer” than the Chinese, Mr. Biden assured, while assuring that he is not seeking a “conflict,” Beijing can hardly appreciate these announcements. French President Emmanuel Macron also assured that the G7 “is not a club hostile to China”.
– Charcoal Haro –
Another big component: climate, with an action plan trying to limit global warming. A key issue for the UK ahead of the major UN climate conference (COP26) to be hosted in Glasgow (Scotland) in November.
The goal is to limit the rise in temperatures below 1.5 ° C from pre-industrial times, a threshold beyond which scientists believe climate change will spiral out of control.
To achieve this, G7 leaders have called for halving their greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, or even more for some.
They want to turn their backs on coal-fired power plants, the most polluting fossil fuel, unless environmental measures, such as CO2 capture, are in place. Public aid will stop this year.
In this context, leaders plan to sign a check for up to $ 2 billion to support green transition in disadvantaged countries.
G7 contributions will increase to achieve the goal of developed countries to fund poor countries ’climate policies of $ 100 billion a year by 2025.
For environmental activists, this is too soft. “Where is the clear national implementation with deadlines,” Greenpeace asked.
In terms of taxation, the G7 has supported a global minimum tax rate project to combat tax competition among countries.
After the G7 and tea with Queen Elizabeth II at Windsor Castle, it’s time for Joe Biden in NATO, followed by a very scrutinized meeting with Russian President Vladimir Poutine, with whom he promised to be “very clear” regarding their disagreements.