Luge is a winter sport in which participants turn up and their feet first descend down a steep icy slope on flat sleds. The ice rink is usually steep to increase gravity, which increases the speed at which sleds move. The slide starts riding the sled from the starting line, unlike the skeleton, where you can sprint before taking the sled. The competition includes single or double riders. Double riders bring with them a pair of sledders who ride the same sled. A double toboggan race is usually not gender independent. However, most of the time men mate. For a long time, German wrestlers were at the top of the list of the best. The country has received numerous medals in men’s, women’s and doubles.
The story of Luge
The origin of Luga is in St. Moritz in Switzerland. The owner of the Swiss hotel Caspar Badrutt built trails on which to skate. The first toboggan race was held in 1883, in a 4 km icy track race between Davos and the village of Klosters. The International Toboggan Federation was founded in Dresden in 1913. This association ruled sports activities until 1935. Luge was not involved in one of the Olympic winter sports until 1964. In 1965, the first North American sled track was built in Lolo, Hot Springs, Montana. In 1979, the Toboggan Association of the United States was founded. The sled track was also built in Lake Placid, New York, and hosts the 13th edition of the 1980 Winter Olympics in the city.
Events and rules
Luge competitions are divided into four events. Women’s singles, men’s singles, doubles and relays. These events are further categorized by age. The junior category consists of lugers aged 7-20. General classes include tobogganists aged 21 to 30 years. The master category includes sledders between the ages of 30 and 55. Senior Masters are 55 years old and older. The rules of lye are usually very clear and precise. The temperature of the sleigh steel metal is measured. The temperature must not be higher than 5 degrees Celsius above the specified control temperature. The weight of the sleds and athletes are also checked to see if they need extra weight. All athletes must start within 30 seconds of the starting rifle. At the finish line they must also be in contact with the sleds, which could otherwise lead to disqualification.
Luga can be very risky because sledges do not have brakes, and sledders can reach speeds of 140 km / h. In addition, traces of protective clothing are very small when worn. Toboggans are only allowed to wear a helmet and visor. The most common skating accidents are bruises. In some cases, wearing shoes and completing the sled caused death. Death can occur if the slide falls off the rink. Nodar Kumaritashvili is an example of Luger who lost control and died while preparing for the 2010 Winter Olympics.