The Palestine Liberation Organization was founded in 1964 during the Arab League summit in Cairo. The goal of the PLO was to liberate Palestine by armed struggle and to ban Zionism from the Middle East. He is also a representative of the Palestinian people and has observer status at the United Nations, a position he has held since 1974. There have been many interruptions resulting from this group such as PFLP, DFLP and Fatah etc. In 1993, the PLO recognized Israel’s right to exist and opposed terrorism and violence. He is also fighting for the liberation of the Palestinian state and wants East Jerusalem as the capital.
History of the organization
After the Arab-Israeli war in 1948, Palestinians were deployed among many Arab states. However, in 1964 the leadership was centralized and in June there was a six-day war against 1967. Many guerrilla wars were indicted against Israel in the years 60, 70 and 80 before any peace talks with Israel were held in 1990. The Palestinian Liberation Army was founded in 1968 and integrated into the armies of other Arab states and militant organizations. The PLO was funded by taxes imposed on Palestinian workers and money collected from sympathetic Arab countries. Successive wars and incursions continued against the State of Israel until 1993, when PLO Chairman Arafat wrote a letter pledging to end all terrorist activities.
Progress and contributions
The PLO significantly contributed to the liberation of the Palestinian people. In 1993, the Oslo Agreement was signed between Israel and Palestine. Mutual recognition was made between the two countries and the surrender of the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip was also under agreement. The country had observer status, and the United Nations expanded it, allowing it to participate in discussions. Also in 2012, Palestine achieved the new status of a non-member state and was equated with the Holy See.
Challenges and controversies
The latest controversy over the PLO was that of President Mahmoud Abbas, who did not appoint him president of the EC PLO. In this case, the PNC will hold elections when 18 seats are vacant according to the adopted article, but that does not include Hamas and Islamic Jihad. As time came, PLO funds were also transferred to the Palestinian Authority and under PA force it became an empty shell.
Contemporary meaning and current state
The status of an observer who is not a member of the UN, which gave him maximum rights without becoming a member, because he also signed various peace agreements. The state of Palestine was also allowed in the PLO, as the representation of peoples in diplomatic treaties was open to states.