Congress in the United States approved the Migratory Birds Treaty to protect birds from humans. There is a law that prohibits the killing, hunting, capture or sale of birds and any part of birds, including eggs and nests. A permit is required to perform one of the prohibited activities for educational and scientific purposes. This permit is granted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
History of the Bird Protection Contract Act
The law was first introduced in 1916 in accordance with the agreement between the United States and Britain on the protection of migratory birds. According to the signed agreement, in 1918, the Congress approved the Law on Migratory Birds. The law was introduced when most bird species were threatened with extinction from the commercial trade in birds and their feathers. Over time, the 1918 Migratory Bird Agreement was internationally expanded by treaties with countries such as Russia, Mexico and Japan. By spreading, several species are legally protected. Indian tribes were allowed to collect feathers from protected birds for their religious events by updating the 1962 law.
Birds protected by law
Most of the birds protected by this law are wild birds and birds that are often hunted. These birds are in families among which are ducks, pigeons, cranes, floaters and pebbles. It should be noted that many protected birds are not migratory, despite being captured after it is claimed that even birds residing in the same region migrate in search of food sources. According to this argument, they are also seen as migrants with the aim of legal protection.
Birds that are not protected by law
Birds are not protected by the Birds Act if they are considered alien or are species introduced by man. Some domestic birds also do not have legal protection if they fall under unprotected bird families. Invasive birds and those that are not invasive but were introduced to North America are not covered by this law, as are domestic birds that have escaped and been released.
Sanctions for violation of the Law on Protection of Birds
Violation of the Birds Protection Act is classified as a federal crime, and the penalties vary depending on the gravity of the crime. Violations can result in up to $ 500 in fines and a six-month prison sentence. The offense can result in a fine of up to $ 2,000 and a prison sentence of up to two years. Crimes involving more birds can accumulate, resulting in high fines and longer prison terms. People are urged to read the law and leave wild birds to stay wild.
Significance of the Law on the Agreement on the Protection of Birds
Given that many birds are on the verge of extinction due to human activities and industrialization, the 1918 Bird Protection Treaty helps conserve bird species. Keeping birds is certainly necessary because they benefit the human population in some way, including pollination. People should take the initiative by asking the administration to abide by the Birds Protection Act and oppose changes that could weaken the law.