What is the capital of Greece?
The capital of Greece is Athens, located in the Attica region on a peninsula that stretches into the Aegean Sea. Athens is located in the Attica basin, where it was built around several hills and other elevated land formations. It is also surrounded by four mountains: Mount Pentelicus, Mount Aigaleo, Mount Hymettus and Mount Parnitha. Athens covers a total area of 15.04 square miles and has approximately 664,046 inhabitants. The entire metropolitan area, which includes Greater Athens and Greater Piraeus, covers 159 square kilometers and has just over 3 million inhabitants.
Athens is considered a global city and serves as the main industrial, political, cultural and economic center of the country. Indeed, Athens is one of the most important economic cities in this region of Europe. Since 2012, Athens has been ranked the 39th richest city in the world in terms of purchasing power.
History of Athens
Athens is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Researchers report that their recorded history can be traced back more than 3,400 years. Archaeological evidence suggests that the area was inhabited between 11000 BC and 7000 BC. The area was approximately at least 1400 BC. An important economic and cultural center when the Mycenaean military fortress was located in it. After a stagnant economic period that lasted almost 1.5 centuries, the city regained economic and political power around 900 BC. Only 400 years later, the Greek army had one of the most important naval bodies and the government began to practice democracy.
Some of the events that took place here over the next few hundred years enabled Athens to become the cradle of Western civilization. Numerous historical figures such as Hippocrates, Plato and Socrates live in this city. Athens came under Roman rule until the 10th century AD, when it was taken over by the Ottoman Empire. As part of the Ottoman Empire, the city failed to prosper until Greece gained independence 15.
Athens spent the next few decades renovating and redecorating the city, building new cemeteries and palaces, preserving ancient architecture. By 1896, the city was so advanced that it was chosen to host the first modern Olympic Games. The city’s population remained relatively small until the early 10th century when Greek refugees fled Turkey during the Greco-Turkish War. More intense population growth occurred after World War II.
Demographics of Athens
Demographics in Athens are similar to the rest of the country. Overall, Greece has an aging population, which means that the share of people over the age of 65 is increasing significantly. In 2011, this age group made up about 19% of the population, compared to 10.9% in 1961. Minorities in the city include Muslims, Roma, Jews, Turks, Armenians and Pomaks. On average, Athens’ population is declining due to an aging population and a lack of economic opportunities for people to look for work.