What is a citadel? | 2021


A castle is a castle or fortified structure built on higher ground to protect a city or town. It is a defensive core that can be called a “small town” because it is a smaller part of the city. Fortifications form the most important part of the system, and sometimes form the outer wall. The forts are used today to secure military command and control centers, unlike in previous years between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries.

History of the castle

3300 BC to 1300 BC

The oldest form of castle was a centralized form of government among the inhabitants, and civilization in the Indus Valley led to the construction of the oldest known fortress 12 meters high. The main purpose of this fortress remains unknown, many believe it served defensive purposes in the valley.

8000 BC to 600 g

The castle in ancient Greece was a place of refuge and strength. It gave the inhabitants a sense of belonging and served as a storehouse for food and military supplies. It also served as a sacred place of worship and palace.

500 CE to 1500 CE

During the Middle Ages the castles had their fortifications and did not attack completely on the city walls. The forts were considered the last option to defend the besieged city.

1600 CE to 1820 CE

The main purpose of the castle at that time of history was to protect the administration from the inhabitants. The forts were used to bind the inhabitants of the ruling political rulers. People who lived near or near these castles felt a sense of protection. For example, the English king, King Charles II, built a royal fortress on a site called Plymouth. The castle could hold weapons that could bomb the city and the sea. On the other hand, under Spanish rule, Barcelona built the first castle in 1714 to overthrow the Catalans who were rebels in the mid-17th and early 18th centuries. In the 19th century, the inhabitants destroyed the castle after the rebellion subsided. In North America, a castle called the Citadel of Quebec is a giant castle built from 1673 to 1820 that serves as the home of Canada’s 22nd Royal Regiment.

Contemporary use of the citadel

Nowadays fortresses are mainly used to protect military commands and checkpoints rather than cities or strategic locations on state borders. These modern castles can protect the command and control points of military companies, from nuclear to air attacks. Examples of such strongholds are the Cheyenne Mountain nuclear bunker in the United States and others in London in the United Kingdom. Repairs are therefore crucial in the day-to-day protection of people, companies and firms.



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