Zoonoses, these diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans, are on the rise. Science and the future re-examines the role of human activities in their emergence and spread.
According to’WHO (World Health Organization), “zoonoses (Greek zoon, “animals” and nose, “disease”), are a group of infectious diseases that are naturally transmitted from animals to humans. The greatest risk of transmission is at the interface between humans and animals through direct or indirect exposure to the animal, its products (eg meat, milk, eggs, etc.) and / or the environment.“. Lzoonoses, also called anthropozoonoses, can be viral (rabies, encephalitis), bacterial (salmonellosis, pasteurellosis, brucellosis), parasitic (toxoplasmosis, scabies) and mycotic – associated with fungi, editor’s note – (ringworm) “. Severity can range from a simple local reaction to a fatal disease.
OneHealth: when human health depends on animal health and the environment
In the reportInserm on zoonoses, Bernadette Murgue, director of research in the department for new viruses in Marseille, explains that “several agents of animal origin could cause epidemics with important consequences like Covid-19, or even more“These diseases are considered a major public health problem. Gilles Salvat, scientific director for animal health and welfare at ANSES, says that.”60% of current infectious diseases in humans are zoonoses. ” Adds: “We cannot treat human health without caring for animal health and vice versa“In the early 2000s, that awareness enabled the emergence of the movement. OneHealth (one health, in French), promoting the interdependence between human health, animal health and the ecosystem in which they coexist.