What do the colors and symbols of the Estonian flag mean?

A brief history of Estonia

Estonia is a European country with a Baltic coast. The country consists of the mainland and 2222 islands covering a total area of ​​45 227 square kilometers. Estonia has been inhabited since ancient times, and the earliest records of human settlement date back to 9000 BC. The early Estonians were pagans who later converted to Christianity during the 13th century cross. For centuries, the area now ruled by Estonia has been ruled by several major European powers such as Danes, Swedes, Germans and Russians. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Estonians wanted their own independent country, free from government. The struggle for independence began in that period, and Estonia was declared independent on February 24, 1918. However, that freedom was short-lived. During World War II, the country was reoccupied by the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, and later the Soviet Union. The country’s de facto independence was restored after the fall of the Soviet Union on August 20, 1991.

History of the Estonian flag

The current flag of Estonia first appeared in 1881 when it was used as a symbol for a student of the Estonian Student Society in Tartu. The design was adopted as the national flag of the country on February 24, 1918, when the Estonian Declaration of Independence was issued, and then it was officially accepted as the national flag of Estonia on November 21, 1918. However, the flag was banned when the Soviet Union invaded Estonia in 1940 and replaced with the Estonian SSR flag. During the German occupation of Estonia, the flag of the country was recognized only as the ethnic flag of the people in the nation. Under Soviet rule, the Estonian flag was banned again. It was only after the Soviet withdrawal from Estonia that the flag was restored as the national flag of the newly independent state on August 7, 1990.

Flag design

The current flag of today’s independent Estonia is a tricolor composed of three horizontal bands of equal size. From top to bottom, the colors of the ribbons are blue, black and white.


The blue color on the Estonian flag represents the sky, the sea and the lakes of the country. According to some ideas, color also means honesty. The black color on the flag symbolizes the worries the people of the country have had to experience for years, while the white color represents the country’s desire for freedom, as well as the snow that covers most of Estonia for most of the year.

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