UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Cyprus 2021

Cyprus, officially known as the Republic of Cyprus, is an island on the eastern side of the Mediterranean. It covers a total area of ​​3,572 square kilometers with a population of 1.1 million, making it the third largest and third largest country in the Mediterranean. It is in a strategic position connecting Turkey in the north, Syria and Lebanon in the east, Israel and Palestine in the southeast, Egypt in the south and Greece in the northwest. The country has three cultural sites that are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The sides are discussed below.

UNESCO World Heritage Site in Cyprus


Choirokoitia is also spelled as Khirokitia is an archaeological site 3.75 miles off the south coast of Cyprus and on the slopes of the hilly valley of the Maroni River. Collective settlement at this time dates back to the New Stone Age when the first human technology appeared. It is an important site that was discovered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998 and discovered in 1934. It is located in an enclosed space that restricts tourist access. The website is only accessible through a protected point at one end.


Paphos is a city along the southwest coast. It is the capital of Paphos district. It is located on the Mediterranean coast and approximately 31 miles west of the largest port on the island. It was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1980 as a cultural asset. It is a major tourist attraction with two impressive archeological sites – the town of Kato Paphos, where the remains of the holy city of the goddess of love are located, and the village of Kouklia, which consists of the holy shrine of the goddess of love. The city has been inhabited since the New Stone Age and was the center of fertility deities and the goddess of love.

Painted churches in the Troodos region

These painted churches are located in central Cyprus and consist of ten churches and monasteries that give a clear picture of the different artistic influences of the former Byzantine Empire. The architectural designs used in the construction and decoration of the churches are limited to the Troodos region only and are local and unique. It was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.

Efforts to preserve UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Cyprus

Choirokoitia is considered state property and is protected and governed by the provisions of national legislation aimed at protecting both the New Stone Age and the natural landscape by planting and clearing trees. Paphos, on the other hand, is managed by the curator of ancient monuments, and an archaeological officer regularly monitors the estate, but a management plan is being prepared to preserve the unique values ​​that the estate has for future generations. National laws protect painted churches in the Troodos region, as well as choirokoitia up to their protection status, improved in November 2011 by the Committee for the Protection of Cultural Heritage.

UNESCO World Heritage Site in Cyprus

UNESCO World Heritage Site in Cyprus Year of inscription; Art
Choirokoitia 1998; Cultural
Paphos 1980; Cultural
Troodos Region Painted churches 1985; Cultural

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