Cherries are an edible fruit with moderate amounts of vitamins produced in large quantities by Turkey, the United States and Iran. The cherry fruit grows from several plants in the genus Prunus. The fruit is small and round, and when ripe it appears purple or red. It contains stone and has a delicate texture. The name Cherry also refers to a cherry tree that grows to a height of 9 meters. Cherries originate from Europe and Asia, and have been introduced to other parts of the world.
Uses and benefits of cherries
Cherries are filled with essential elements needed by the body, including antioxidants, vitamins, carbohydrates and minerals such as potassium, zinc, calcium, manganese, phosphorus and iron. The health benefits of consuming this fruit range from weight loss to fighting cancer, gout, arthritis, blood pressure, headaches, neurological disorders, aging and heart disease. Cherries are an excellent source of fiber to aid digestion. The fruit is versatile and can be eaten raw, processed into dishes or into juice. The cherry is very valuable because of its rich grain and exotic color. It is widely used in the furniture industry.
Cultivated fruit is of two types, namely cherries and sour cherries. Cherries thrive in cold climates and well-drained soils with a pH ranging from 6.0 to 7.5. Propagation during cultivation is mainly carried out by grafting methods using root or seed cuttings. Cherries are cooled in winter for 1200 to 1500 hours, and planted in autumn. Seedlings emerge in the spring season.
The first fruit is given when the tree is three or four years old, and it takes seven years to mature. The plant thrives in areas with an annual rainfall of 100 to 125 cm. In areas with less rain, irrigation is mainly done during fruit development to maintain an ideal moisture level. As it grows, cherries are susceptible to several pests, such as the cherry fruit fly, black cherry aphids, cytospores, and bacterial canker.
Cherry production is a relatively expensive undertaking due to the cost of watering, laboring and spraying. Cherries are sensitive to hail, frost and rain, and the cost of mitigating these factors further contributes to the overall cost. During harvesting, the most common method is hand picking or a mechanized shaker. Be careful not to damage the trees and fruits.
Top cherry growing countries
Turkey is the largest producer of cherries with a total production of 480,748 tons. The country ranks third in cherry exports, and since cherry exports in 2015, it has made $ 122 million. The largest markets in Turkey are Russia and Germany. The United States closely monitors production of 384,646 tons. The leading countries in cherry production in the country are California, Michigan, Oregon and Washington. The United States produces sweet and tart varieties of cherries. The country exported cherries worth $ 536.84 million in 2014. Iran and Italy are the world’s second largest producers, producing 200,000 and 104,766 tons, respectively.
|2||United States||384,646 th most common|
|Fourth||Italy||104,766 th most common|
|5||Spain||98,400 th most common|
|8.||Syria||82,341 th most common|
|11||Romania||70,542 th most common|
|12.||Greece||60,300 th most common|
|13||Poland||41,063 th most common|
|14.||Austria||38,680 th most common|
|15.||China||35,500 th most common|
|16||France||30,440 th most common|
|17th||Germany||23,005 th most common|
|18||Lebanon||22,500 th most common|
|19||Serbia||22,213 th most common|
|20th||Bulgaria||19,512 th most common|