According to the World Biodiversity Commission, almost one in five reptiles in the world, consisting of snakes, crocodiles, lizards and turtles, are threatened with extinction. The survival of these species depends entirely on the collective protection efforts of all concerned.
7. Basket of Angonok Turtles
The plow turtle is a land turtle that lives only on a Malagasy island. It is endemic to the dry forests of Baly Bay in northwestern Madagascar, near the town of Soalala and the Baie de Baly National Park. There are only six hundred individuals left with a distribution of 9.7 times 23.2 square kilometers and their survival is critically endangered and critically endangered in the next 15 years.
The biggest threat to turtles is pig bushes that hunt turtle eggs and cubs. Due to the attractive color of the shells, the turtle is caught as a pet and traded in the world market with the turtle bringing in $ 60,000. Protection efforts began by engraving their bowls with identification marks to make them less attractive to poachers and animal feed.
6. Tarzan’s chameleon
The Tarzan chameleon is listed on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species as one of the most endangered species on the planet. It was discovered in 2009 in the eastern city of Tarzanville in Madagascar. The chameleon is recognizable by its green or yellow color, although it takes on a unique striped color. Tarzan’s chameleon is critically endangered after forests have been cleared and wet forest used for agriculture. Illegal deforestation and artisanal gold mining in the region are creating further pressure on the species.
Although the Tarzan chameleon has not been found in protected areas of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, its endemic foundations have been declared protected areas. Species registration and trade is monitored and controlled to a high degree. Biologists in the region have developed the flagship Tarzan project, which aims to support efforts to protect deforested forests in Madagascar.
5. Red River giant softshell turtle
The giant softshell turtle from the Red River is an endangered species in the world. Also known as the Yangtze soft-shelled turtle, it is considered the largest freshwater turtle in the world. It is estimated to live more than a century, and the adult turtle weighs 200 pounds. There are only three surviving species, two of which are in captivity at the Suzhou Zoo in China, and the other lives in the wild waters of Lake Dong Mo in Vietnam. The survival of the species depends on the breeding of (male and female) turtles in captivity in China. Conservation zoologists believe that artificial insemination is the last hope for reproduction. During the 10 years when the two turtles lived together, there was no reproduction because the male has a small number and sperm motility.
4. A sea snake on a leaf shell
The leaf-shaped sea snake is an endangered venomous snake. It got its name because of the characteristic shape of the leaf-like scales, which overlap greatly. There were over 9,000 species of sea snakes in the 1990s, and since 2016, only 16 individuals of that species have been found in seagrass meadows in the Bay of Sharks off the coast of Western Australia, 1,000 miles from their alleged range. The decline of sea snakes is mainly attributed to the degradation of their habitat due to coral bleaching and the destruction of their healthy ecosystem, resulting in the decline of their food. As a shallow type of water, elevated water temperatures resulting from climate change raise the upper lethal limit beyond which a snake cannot survive, and because they are not designed to survive in deep water, their ability to spread is impaired.
3. Jamaican rock iguana
The Jamaican rock iguana is one of the most endangered species of reptiles according to CITES. It is the largest terrestrial vertebrate in Jamaica, rediscovered in the region in 1990 after being considered extinct. Only 100 individuals of the species inhabit the tropical dry forest and limestone foothills of Hellshire Hill in southeastern Jamaica remain. Native Jamaicans traditionally hunted stone iguanas for meat, reducing their population in the 19th century. Today, this species faces survival challenges from invasive predators such as mongooses, cats, pigs, and stray dogs that eat juvenile iguanas and destroy their nests. Although Jamaican rock iguanas are considered part of the Portland Bight Protected Area, they still face habitat loss due to illegal logging in favor of charcoal production, road construction and mining.
2. Geometric turtle
The geometric tortoise is an endangered species and is the rarest tent turtle found in a small fragment of Cape Town in South Africa. It is named after the ornate pattern found on the domed bowl, which occasionally appears symmetrical. The turtle is limited to certain habitats that make up the fynbos vegetation. The existence of the species threatens to destroy more than 90% of the Renosterveld habitat in favor of urbanization and agriculture. The spread of intrusive alien vegetation in the Cape Fold region, along with frequent unplanned and uncontrolled fires, has depleted food supplies for the geometric turtle, resulting in an overall unprecedented 80% reduction in the total population. Conservation efforts such as captive breeding have proven futile in increasing the species’ population and therefore require strict conservation measures to ensure their survival in the wild.
1. Common Batagur four-toed terrapin
Batagur four-legged terrapin is an endangered species of fresh turtle and tortoise native to Southeast Asia. It was eradicated in the 20th century due to the destruction of its natural habitat and the inability to survive in man-made conditions. The species was further threatened by excessive collection of adult eggs from nesting sites and illegal poaching for meat. Surviving remnants of the species continue to face survival problems resulting from the introduction of mechanized fishing technology with large area nets. Since conservation efforts are extremely inadequate, experts have called for full protection of the species and their eggs to continue breeding and survival in the wild.