Astronomers have finally confirmed what has been speculated so far – the existence of planets outside our solar system that could be fit for life.
Thanks to the cooperation of 91 European scientists and a very large telescope of the European Southern Observatory, they were able to precisely pinpoint the location of the star Proxima Centauri, the planet Proxima b moving around it, but also to search for other planets that may be nearby.
So they discovered that the star Proxima Centauri is nowhere near as bright as our sun because it emits only one-sixth of the sun’s energy. In addition, the planet Proxima b is much closer to that star than Mercury is to our sun, and its orbit lasts only 11 Earth days. But despite this, the temperatures on the surface of this rocky planet are similar to those on Earth, so there is also the possibility of life developing.
However, due to the planet’s proximity to the stars, scientists fear that powerful bursts of energy from the star have completely destroyed any traces of the planet’s atmosphere. This could make it impossible or at least make life as difficult as we know it.
The research, to be published in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics of the European Southern Observatory and is currently published as a work in the open archive of ArXiv, should reveal further details about this interesting planet. Source: IFL Science