With the cries of “Save the Amazon” on Friday, in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro protested thousands of people, and demonstrations were held in front of the embassies and consulates of Brazil in various countries of the world.
Fires continue to ravage the Amazon rainforest at the moment of the rising international pressure on Brazilian president Jair Bolsonar to curb fires in the lungs of the world.
The fate of the largest tropical forest on the planet that has been consumed by flames for days is the focus of the G7 summit, which is held this weekend in the French Biarritz.
According to the latest official data, since January 2019. Even 78,383 fires were recorded in the area of Amazonia, which is a record number of 2013. Since the records were kept.
According to experts, fires are the result of deforestation, with an enormous drought that will continue in September.
More than half of the fires are burning throughout the Amazon, and according to the National Space Research Institute (INPE), a new 1663 has been planned between Thursday and Friday.
At the beginning of August, the head of the INPE was discharged as he published data on excessive deforestation that Jair Bolsonaro considered untrue.
The data presented showed that deforestation during July was almost four times higher than in the same month in 2018. Year.
The data were published a day after the president announced that he would send military forces to fight against fire and crime in the region.
Behind a fire in the Amazon lies international hunger for beef and soy
Amazons are gnawing at two farming activities – cattle breeding and genetically modified soybeans – which can interpret the dramatic spread of forest fires in that part of Brazil, the scientists think.
“The extensive cultivation of cattle is the main factor in the deforestation of the Amazon rainforest. Just over 65% of the Amazon’s Krčevina is under pastures today, “said Romulo Batista, a Greenpeace researcher.
Brazil is the world’s largest exporter of beef. That country in 2018. Exported a record 1.64 million tonnes of this meat, according to data from the Brazilian cluster of meat exporters. The main markets are China, then Egypt and the European Union.
The title of the largest beef exarch in Brazil can thank more than twenty years of spectacular growth. For example, between 1997. And in 2016. The exports of beef have been tenfold, weighted and precious.
The market is ruled by three mastodons: JBS, Minerva and Marfrig.
Almost 6.5 percent of the land is being resourced to the cultivation of agricultural crops.
Brazil, who has so far been the world’s largest exporter of soybeans, in front of the United States, in 2018. Has exported a record 83.6 million tonnes, or 22.6% more than the year before, the Brazilian Economy Ministry announced.
This success is interpreted primarily by the appetite of China, the largest consumer of the Brazilian soy which is mostly GMO: because of the trade war that Beijing and Washington have been running for almost a year, China is increasingly turning to Brazil in the purchase of animal feed.
The export of Brazilian soybeans to China jumped almost 30% last year.
Soy was one of the main cultures that ‘ nibble ‘ the area of the Amazon forest. But after the moratorium introduced 2006. “Less than 2 percent of soybean grown in Amazons comes from the surface of the defaced after 2008. “, Batista adds.
Europe is also a consumer of Brazilian soy, mainly used in livestock nutrition, primarily poultry and pigs, according to Greenpeace.
The cultivation of soybeans in Brazil in 1970 experienced an incredible climb when producers from the south moved to the center and to the west of the country and when new methods of cultivation and application of pesticides emerged.