Russian meteorological services said on Tuesday that they expect one of the warmest summers in the country affected by climate change, after a record month in June.
“According to our first forecasts, average temperatures in the country will be hot and high during the second part of July and August,” confirmed Roman Vilfand, a meteorologist at Rosguidromet, judging “of course possible” that this summer is the warmest ever in Russia.
During a press conference, Vilfand said the average temperature in June in Russia was the second highest recorded, after the glowing month of June 2012.
“The average temperature in the European part of Russia, from Crimea to Murmansk and Arkhangelsk, has been the highest since records began 130 years ago,” he said.
“At the same time, the whole country was not affected by the heat, there were pockets of freshness in Western Siberia,” the meteorologist qualified.
He also explained that climate change is causing a change in atmospheric circulation, due to significant temperature contrasts between the Arctic regions and those further south.
“Therefore, there are more and more anticyclones in the northern regions (of Russia), which increases the risk of forest fires,” he said.
According to many scientists, Russia, especially Siberia and the Arctic, is among the areas most exposed to climate change.
The country has recorded heat records in recent years, but also giant and unusual forest fires.
In June 2020, outside the Arctic Circle, in Verkhoyansk, Russia recorded a temperature of 38 degrees, the highest level recorded since the beginning of measurements in the late 19th century.
Melting permafrost or frozen soil – also threatens infrastructure and risks releasing huge amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.