Eleven minutes. Accompanied by his brother Mark, pioneer Wally Funk and young Oliver Daemen, mogul Jeff Bezos will make the flight in less than a quarter of an hour today, but that will serve his personal and business goal: to travel into space with his own ship. In those 11 minutes, will cross the 100-kilometer-high barrier, the cosmic boundary, and will be weightless for four minutes before returning to Earth. All this is not a major milestone in the history of astronautics, but it is undoubtedly an important step in space tourism: it will be the first unmanned flight with a completely civilian crew.
However, this flight includes several interesting unofficial records. Funk, an 82-year-old pilot who belonged to Girl ‘s mercury group 13Aspiring an astronaut in 1961, he becomes the oldest man to fly into space, ousting veteran John Glenn, who did so at 77. This pioneer, who has been waiting for his opportunity for 60 years, is therefore the most prepared person in the entire passage. Daemen is 18 years old, son of a rich Dutchman, they assume he is the youngest astronaut in history. And the Bezos are the first siblings to meet in space after their meeting was thwarted. twins Mark and Scott Kelly on the International Space Station. Of course, Jeff Bezos failed to become the first businessman to fly out of Earth with his own company (Blue Origin), because his rival Richard Branson did. nine days ago aboard one of the Virgin Galactic aircraft.
So we already have three magnates with their space rockets in full swing. Bezos and Branson, with their modest suborbital trips, have so far satisfied the beetle of millionaire tourists, although they plan to go further. Two of them contribute to the success of Elon Musk with SpaceX, which focuses on much more ambitious space flightslike to take astronauts to the International Space Station. Musk is also preparing a flight similar to Virgin Galactic and Blue Origin in September, 4. inspiration, with a civilian crew funded by another millionaire: Jared Isaacman.
This first space flight of a manned ship New Shepard, piloted by a computer, is Blue Origin ‘s first voyage with a space tourist paying for his seat. Young Daemen’s father was the second bidder in the auction, which Bezos opened to find his first flight mate. The millionaire who submitted the best bid, almost 24 million euros, will not use this flight due to planning problems and will do so later.
On the spatial boundary
The rocket propels a capsule about 30 kilometers high, from where it continues itself up to 100 kilometers, which is the line that marks the international beginning of the universe. Branson reached only 85 kilometers, just above the US limit of 80 for space. This means that as a purist, Branson was only the first to reach the gate of the universe.
After reaching the highest point, the inhabitants New Shepard they are released from their seat belts so they can enjoy swimming for a few minutes without diving suits, because the vessel is under pressure like a conventional aircraft. After enjoying the weightlessness of the capsule, he deploys a large column of parachutes to slow its fall to the ground, while the rocket is re-powered by its engines to achieve a vertical landing, similar to rockets. Falcon 9 from Muska.
The New Shepard, whose name pays homage to who was the first American astronaut (Alan Shepard, 1961), is a rocket designed for suborbital flights, meaning that it has no intention of orbiting the planet Earth. However, it has important comfort: the space in the cabin is double that of the capsule Apollo with which they traveled to the moon. It has been successfully tested 15 times from the Bezos facility in Texas (USA) and has six comfortable seats for so many passengers, although this time only four were occupied.