January 2020 was the warmest on the surface of land and oceans since reliable measurements were taken, with average temperatures exceeding all previous data collected in 141 years by the National Administration for the oceans and the atmosphere of the United States (NOAA), reported the Guardian.
The record temperatures in January follow the exceptionally warm 2019, which is ranked as the second most hot year for the planet’s surface since the beginning of reliable measurements. The past five years and the past decade have been the hottest for the last 150 years, in which reliable measurements are made, which is an indication of the zabrzvaŝiâ rate of the climate crisis.
According to NOAA, the average global surface temperature of land and oceans last month was 1.14 degrees Celsius above the average for the XX century. This measurement marginally surpassed the previous record for January, laid in 2016.
A wave of unusual heat had in much of Russia, Scandinavia, and eastern Canada, where temperatures were an incredible 5 degrees Celsius above average or higher. The Swedish city of Örebro reached 10.3 degrees, the warmest weather of 1858, while Boston experienced its warmest January day, with the temperature reaching 23 degrees.
Meanwhile, in Antarctica, several temperature jumps were recorded during the present month of February. The Southern polar continent reached 20 degrees for the first time in its history on February 9, after another record of 18.3 degrees just three days before. Scientists called the measured temperatures “incredible and insane.”
NOAA said the four warmest months of January in history have been those since 2016, while the 10 warmest months of January have happened since 2002.
Governments around the world agreed in 2015 to limit the global rise in average temperature to 2100 to well below 2 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels to prevent catastrophic flooding, Food insecurity, hot flushes and mass displacement of people.
However, warming the planet’s greenhouse gases from human activities do not show any sign of a downturn, let alone the big cuts needed to reach the 2-degree target and tackle the climate crisis. According to scientists, the world must halve its emissions by 2030, so that there is any chance to avoid catastrophic climate collapse.
For the first time in history over 20 degrees Celsius at the South Pole
For the first time in history is recorded temperature above 20 degrees Celsius at the South Pole, which reinforces fears of climatic instability of the largest ice store in the world, writes “Guardian”.
On February 9th Brazilian scientists of Seymour reported a temperature of 20.75 degrees Celsius. The previous record was 19.8 degrees Celsius on Signey Island in January 1982.
On February 7, an Argentine research station in the base “Esperanza ” measured the record 18.3 degrees Celsius, which is the highest temperature of the continental Antarctic Peninsula.
These records will have to be confirmed by the World Meteorological Organization, but they respond to a broader trend of the peninsula and nearby islands, where the warming is almost 3 degrees Celsius from the pre-industrial era-one of Places on the planet with the fastest rise in temperature.
Scientists who collect data from remote stations every three days describe the new record as “incredible and unusual.”
Brazilian explorers commented that they reported a warming trend in many places they observed, but have never seen anything like it. They recorded a variable temperature in the last 20 years, after cooling down in the first decade of this century, rapid warming followed.
According to scientists, it seems to be the result of a change in ocean currents and of natural phenomena such as El Nino.
The South Pole stores about 70% of freshwater water in the form of snow and ice. If it melts, sea levels will rise by 50-60 centimeters, but for this to happen, many generations will pass. UN scientists predict the level of oceans to rise between 30 and 110 centimeters by the end of this century.
While the temperature in the east and central part of the South Pole is relatively stable, there are worries about the temperature in the western part.