Smart predicts a bright red Friday July 2, 2021 in the direction of departure and an equally hectic weekend July 9 and 10. Thousands of liters of oil will be consumed by stationary cars. However, this ecological aberration has been alive for the last few years. For the next fifteen years, traffic jams will be made up of electric cars, whose engine shuts down as soon as it stops. The transformation of the park has begun. It’s accelerating. It’s a sting European plan for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The transport sector must make its contribution to the forecast of a 55% decline for 2030. European regulation it also requires that after 2025, any new car should not emit more than 60 grams per kilometer of CO2. However, manufacturers admit it: to this day, they don’t know how to design an internal combustion engine that emits so little.
The conversion will therefore go very quickly. “The goal of 15.6 million electric vehicles in traffic in 2035 was considered ambitious in 2019, it is now in trend “, states Maïté Jauréguy-Naudin, in charge of the mobility file at Electricity Transmission Network (RTE), a company in charge of the high-voltage distribution network. LONG Transport and environment (T&E) For its part, it has just released a report on this energy transition that confirms that one million electric vehicles will be reached this year, exceeding 3.3 million in 2025 and 6.7 million in 2030, i.e. half of the cars to be produced these year year. Until then, the share of thermal vehicles will be halved.
Electricians are preparing to replace the tanks
RTE is already preparing to replace major oil companies. And he openly responds to anxiety. Yes, in the days of big holiday departures, production will be more than enough to meet the needs of these millions of cars, even if they are being charged at the same time. “The French power system is ready for the mass development of electric mobility without the need for generalized control of car charging, a simple shift to out-of-voltage time is enough. “ assures Maïté Jauréguy-Naudin. Different developed scenarios show that, despite the increase in use in industry and housing (especially heat pump heating), production will remain in surplus.
Improvements in energy efficiency even make it possible to forecast national multi-purpose consumption of less than 500 terawatts / hour (TWh) in 2035, compared to just over 600 today. The electricity required for cars is estimated at between 40 and 50 TWh, or 8% of production, and the power needs for a day off are a little over 8 gigawatts. “Long journeys are not a stake in the stability of the electrical system. ” assures Maïté Jauréguy-Naudin. It’s hard to imagine the tension if it happens that going to the Christmas holidays coincides with a cold bump that causes an increase in heating needs. But RTE estimates that by 2035, energy-consuming radiators will disappear and renovations will begin to affect building consumption.
Car batteries will be used to store excess renewable energy sources
RTE even relies on batteries to better coordinate production and consumption. By charging at the peak of photovoltaic panel production, cars can store energy that would otherwise be consumed. This “control” will be provided by batteries that can restore the energy they store in the network. “In this way, we will be able to balance the load curve, ie the power that users are looking for, and this will facilitate the integration of renewable energy sources “ complete Maïté Jaureguy-Naudin. This new management method should save RTE 1 billion by 2030. Consumers will benefit from cheaper oil than oil, mainly because it is not subject to the Internal Energy Tax (TCIPE) and should not be affected by the 2030 carbon tax. should exceed 200 euros per tonne.
The share of electric car production in 2030 among manufacturers. © T&E
In 2035, going on holiday should therefore go well despite traditional toll deductions. The only question does not come from the electricity network but from the manufacturer. Will it know how to respond to demand? T&E reviewed their strategy. The NGO is concerned. Even if the promises are fulfilled, it expects European sales of electric cars to be about 10% lower than needed to achieve greenhouse gas reduction targets. Only Volvo and Volkswagen seem to be on time now at the end of the decade. French manufacturers seem to have lagged behind despite announcing relatively ambitious targets. “These goals are still not reflected in the production plans and leave the door open for the production of plug-in hybrids that emit much more on the road than is officially shown., condemns Diane Strauss, French director of T&E. There is still time for French manufacturers to choose fully electric. “.