The Battle of Yorktown was the last great battle of the American Revolutionary War. It was held in Yorktown, Virginia, from September 28, 1781, to October 19, 1781. In late August, George Washington realized that General Charles Cornwallis’ army was near Yorktown. General Washington’s army was near New York and in 1781, the 21st, with the aim of destroying Cornwall’s army, joined the French as a unit. The French Navy also played an important role in preventing General Cornwallis ’army from gaining additional military forces. The Battle of Yorktown is considered one of the most important battles of the American Revolutionary War, as for many it symbolized America’s final victory over the British and thus paved the way for independent domestic government.
The foreign battles were the continental (or American) and French sides on the one hand and the British army on the other. General George Washington commanded the American-French side, while General Lord Charles Cornwallis was at the head of the British Army. George Washington’s army numbered 17,000 soldiers, while the British had only 9,000. Although Cornwallis expected 5,000 people to arrive from New York, the time of the fight did not allow it. Just as the Americans were supported by the French of Rochambeau, Britain called on engaged German troops from Hessen-Kassel and Ansbach to facilitate Cornwall’s goals.
General George Washington used secrecy as his main tactic. He wanted everyone (including other Americans) to believe he would send his army to New York. It was the initial battle, the Battle of Chesapeake, in which the British army was defeated by the French. While deceiving the British, Washington reached Yorktown. Washington had siege equipment, artillery, strike troops, and French infantry. The strategy was for the men to encircle Yorktown via Williamsburg. On September 29, 1781, both the British and American sides fired, leaving some casualties and asking both sides to work to improve their defenses. Indeed, the British fired aimlessly while the French parked their artillery in the most optimal way possible, and the British lost every advantage they could have. The Washington people were the first to shoot from their weapons on September 9, 1781, when the last attack began. Cornwallis saw that he was losing and days later he tried to escape to New York with his Army 7. When there was no more hope, they gave up a day later.
The Combined French-Continental Army won because of the large number of soldiers they had with the secrecy of the tactics used by General Washington. In terms of casualties, the French lost 60 and 194 injured, the Americans 28 with 107 wounded, and the British and their Germans who contracted had 156 killed, 326 injured and 70 missing. Cornwallis surrendered along with another 7,087 of his submissive men.
This struggle was important because it actually ended the American War of Independence and paved the way for independence, although for a time there were minor skirmishes here and there between some pro-royal and pro-continental groups in a war that lasted 8 Bloody years. The war officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris, almost two years later, on September 3, 1783, the recognition of American independence from Great Britain. Although the two armies had smaller units to fight for another two years, both sides knew in advance of the impending U.S. overall victory. The British Parliament was not to have control over the thirteen colonies, and soon America would establish itself as an independent nation with a national constitution that would write and approve its colonies that would become the “United States”. Experts agree that without an American victory at the Battle of Yorktown, the war would have lasted a long time, and the British might be able to win the war and retake America. The site of the battle is maintained by the National Park Service as part of the Colonial National Historical Park. The area is still militarily important and borders a number of U.S. military arsenals and training facilities, as well as weapons manufacturers.