5. Style overview –
The Abramzewo art movement was a Slavophile movement, meaning it favored domestic Russian and Slavic styles and themes over Western European ones. This artistic activity, which flourished in Russia in the late 19th century, was located in the colony of Abramzewo, 30 kilometers from Moscow. It is the main center for the revival of Russian folk art and traditional crafts. Aksakov, the then director of the Moscow Geodetic Authority, bought the inhabited property in 1843, where he could invite his friends to stay. The estate became famous and became her favorite retreat from the rage of the city of Moscow. All the writers, actors and artists who visited the estate embraced Russian culture, leading to the rejection of European artistic influences.
4. History and development –
The movement began in 1830 because the works of various Russian artists, poets, church fathers, and conservative colleagues had a clear preference for the country’s traditional indigenous artistic teachings. This emphasized the uniqueness of Russian art and encouraged the avoidance of European and Western influences. The movement was determined to protect the unique tradition and culture displayed in their art. After Aksakov’s death in 1859, his sons, who were also artists, took control of the estate and worked to strengthen the Russian nationalism founded by their father. In 1870, Mamontov bought the property from Askakov’s daughter and immediately began rebuilding it to support his predecessor Askakov. Mamontov led the development of Russian art, and between the 1870s and 1880s the estate became a colony that became famous as a center for the development of creativity and the revival of traditional Russian handicrafts. The revival of arts and crafts initiated by Askakov is an important contribution to Russian cultural history as it led to the mobilization of Mamont’s wife to collect traditional Russian folk art in 1881. In the years that followed, pottery, carving and pottery workshops were established to create connections between the population. The estate has become popular, and a considerable number of artists, poets, singers and historians visit it constantly, among other things, for observation and seminars.
3. Prominent artists and their works –
Several artists have worked hard to ensure that people’s daily lives in Russia have a significant impact through their works. Several Russian composers, poets like Fyodor Tjutschew and novelists like Nikolai Gogol were among the fighters to maintain the purity of the Russian language, which influenced the nationalism and integration of all Russians.
2. Fall and successive movements –
At the end of the Russian uprising against Poland, the art movement Abramzewo and the accompanying Slavophilism came down and the country turned to an increasingly narrow form of nationalism. Several other movements such as the Peredvizhniki Art School, which protested against academic restrictions, emerged after the fall of the Abramzewo art movement.
1. Cultural and artistic heritage –
The Abramzewo art movement had significant cultural significance in the country because it helped maintain and sustain Russian traditional practices and ideas in the fine arts. Efforts to prevent the influence of European and Western countries on these traditions in art have enabled the integration of all communities and citizens of the country