United faced with the challenges of China and Russia, determined to put the planet on a straight line after the pandemic, the leaders of the G7 great powers on Sunday, the third and last day of the summit, are dealing with climate emergencies in England.
Their intense day on Saturday, followed by working meetings and discreet side meetings, ended with a moment of relaxation – immortalized by a new family photo – around grilled marshmallows and hot rum on blue sand from the seaside resort of Carbis Bay, Cornwall.
Accompanied by the chanting of the sea and the flight of the Royal Air Force’s acrobatic patrol, these moments of socializing were preceded by the announcement of joint initiatives facing the great challenges of the planets, from pandemics to diplomacy, Russia and China, at the first personal summit in almost two years.
However, this picture of good relations is tarnished by disagreements between Europeans and Britons about Brexit and the thorny issue of Northern Ireland, exposed in broad daylight.
Gathering his British, French, German, Italian, Japanese and Canadian allies against Moscow and Beijing is the main goal of US President Joe Biden’s European tour, his first overseas trip to mark the United States ’return to the United States. after the isolation of the Trump era.
On Sunday, the summit focuses on climate, a major issue for the UK, which is hosting a major UN conference in November (COP26).
G7 leaders want to halt the decline in biodiversity by 2030, protecting at least 30% of land and sea, while London will launch a £ 500m (more than € 582m) fund to preserve oceans and marine ecosystems in countries like Ghana or Indonesia. .
– crucial decade –
“Protecting our planet is the most important thing we can do for our people as leaders. There is a direct link between reducing emissions, restoring nature, creating jobs and ensuring long-term economic growth,” Boris Johnson said.
Leaders will also reiterate their commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by mid-2030 and ending state aid to coal-fired power plants this year.
The goal is to limit the rise in temperatures below 1.5 ° C from pre-industrial times, a threshold beyond which scientists believe climate change will spiral out of control.
“The decisions we make during this decade (…) are one of the most important in human history,” warned British naturalist David Attenborough (95).
For environmental activists, these announcements are too soft: they want more action and fewer words, which they recalled loudly and comically during the protests in Cornwall.
The G7 will also consider the climate component of a major global infrastructure plan unveiled Saturday for disadvantaged countries in Africa, Asia or Latin America, to boost green growth by promoting investment in renewable energy and clean technologies, Downing Street said.
Launched at the initiative of Joe Biden, to whom China is a priority, this project must compete with the “New Silk Roads,” those large investments established by Beijing to increase its influence overseas.
Named “Rebuilding the World for the Better,” it should help these countries recover from the pandemic, focusing on climate, health, digital technology and the fight against inequality.
On the pandemic front, after promising to distribute a billion doses of anti-Covid vaccine to poor countries, lagging behind in its immunization campaigns, the G7 adopted a combat plan to prevent future pandemics.
After the final press release and traditional press conferences, Joe Biden will have tea with Queen Elizabeth II at Windsor Castle. He will then meet with his main allies at a NATO summit in Brussels, ahead of a highly-discussed meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Geneva on Wednesday.