Jamaica, a Caribbean country, has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. The island country is also home to some endemic species that have evolved over millions of years due to geographical isolation. Twenty-eight species of birds are unique to Jamaica. They are listed below.
28. Jamaican euphony
That bird that euphony Jamaica, is a member of the Fringillidae family. It occurs in tropical and subtropical humid forests, and persists in highly degraded forests. It is one of the least affected species on the IUCN Red List.
27. Jamaican piece
The Nesopsar nigerrimus belongs to the icteride family. The bird has a limited habitat in Jamaica. It is located in parts of John Crow and the Blue Mountains and in the cockpit country of Jamaica. These birds spend most of their time in the trees and are found in the humid habitats of mountain forests. An endangered species with habitat loss is the greatest threat to the species.
26. Jamaican spindalis
The Spindalis Nigricephala is an endemic bird from Jamaica belonging to the family Thraupidae. Due to the relatively stable bird population in the country, the IUCN classifies it as one of the least affected species.
25. Yellow grass grass
That bird that Loxipasser Anoxant family Thraupidae, occurs in moist lowland and mountain forests (tropical and subtropical). This type of “least concern” also inhabits degraded primary forests.
24. Orange stop
The Euneornis Campestris it also has the same family and habitat as grassy mercury with yellow shoulders. The IUCN also classifies it as a “Least Concern” type.
23. Singer of the Arrow
The Setophage Pharetra, a bird of the Parulidae family, is found only in the humid mountain forests of Jamaica. It is the “least affected” species with a stable population.
22. White thrush thrush
A species from the family Turdidae which Turdus aurants is also one of the endemic birds in Jamaica. Birds have been recorded in the Cayman Islands. It also occurs in mountain and lowland forests of tropical or subtropical nature. The birds are named “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List.
21. Blackbird with white eyes
The Turdus Jamaicensis shares the same habitat as the previous bird on the list, and is also found in the Cayman Islands. The species also has a stable population.
20. Jamaican crow
The Corvus jamaicensis is an endemic bird of Jamaica. The length is between 35 and 38 cm. It occurs in forests dotted with depleted habitats in Jamaica. It occurs mainly at higher altitudes, but can be observed in lowland habitats during the dry season. It is also the species of least concern.
19. Jamaican vireo
The Vireo modest belongs to the Vireonidae family and lives in the dry and humid lowland forests as well as the humid mountain forests of Jamaica. It can also adapt to heavily degraded forests.
18. Blue Mountain Vireo
The Vireo Osburni is an endemic Jamaican bird listed on the IUCN Red List as “Endangered”. The bird has been found in humid lowland and mountain forests, in degraded forests and on Jamaican plantations. Habitat loss is a major threat to this species.
17. Jamaican bacardium
The Pachyramphus niger, a member of the Tityridae family, is also found only in Jamaican forests. The bird inhabits lowland and mountain tropical and subtropical forests in the country.
16. Jamaican Elania
The Myopagis Cotta from the family Tyrannidae is also an endemic bird to Jamaica. It is listed as the “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List. It also shares the same habitat type as the Jamaican bekarda.
15. Jamaican pewee
The Kontopus Pallidus , a member of the family Tyrannidae, is also found only in Jamaica. Habitat destruction is believed to threaten the survival of this bird. However, it is still listed as the species of least concern on the IUCN Red List.
14. Sad snapper
Member of the family Tyrannidae, Mijarh Barbirostris, also known as Little Tom the Fool, is located in the lowland and mountain forests of Jamaica. It is also found in degraded former forests. It is the smallest of the three Myiarchus flies found in the country.
13. Flycatcher fly
More Mijarh Flycatcher found in Jamaica, Myiarchus validus is also endemic to the Caribbean. It also shares the same habitat as the bulk flycatcher, and can be distinguished from it by the reddish color visible in the tail and wings.
12. Amazon with black bills
The Amazon Agilis is a species of parrot found only in Jamaica. The black parrot coin easily distinguishes them from other parrots in their range. It is the smallest Amazon parrot with an average length of only 25 cm. The bird has been recorded in the mountain rainforests of Jamaica. It is most common in rainforests of limestone in the country. The IUCN describes this species as “in need of protection” because poaching, trapping parrots for animal trafficking and habitat destruction threaten the species’ survival.
11. Amazon with yellow bills
The Amazon Colaria is another species of parrot that is endemic to Jamaica. The parrot is characterized by a yellow beak. The throat and pharynx are pink and the feathers are green. The bird inhabits the lowland, mountain and mangrove forests of the country. It is also found in village gardens and orchards. The IUCN has classified the parrot as “vulnerable” and is threatened with prey due to human trafficking and habitat loss.
10. Jamaican woodpecker
The Melanerpes Radiolatus belongs to the Picidae family and is the only species of woodpecker native to Jamaica. It inhabits humid lowland forests and degraded former forests in Jamaica.
9. Jamaican Tody
The Everything Everything, a small and lively bird with a red throat, green tops and a yellow bottom, is an endemic bird of Jamaica. It nests in caves in rotten wood or muddy benches.
8. Jamaican mango
The Anthracothorax Mango is a hummingbird from the family Trochilidae. This endemic Jamaican bird is found in the humid lowland forests of the country.
7. Red-tailed deer tail
The Trohil Polytmus, is the national bird of the country. It is the most widespread and most widespread hummingbird found in the nation. However, it is located only in the eastern part of the island. The bird is locally known as the “bird doctor”. The birds are light green in color and have black tails and crowns.
6. The poor Jamaican
The Siphonaries American is an endangered species that is endemic to Jamaica. The species may also be extinct. The predators presented and the destruction of the habitat are to blame for bringing the bird to the brink of extinction. The night owl inhabits the tropical dry bushes and forests of Jamaica.
5. Jamaican Owl
The Pseudoscopes grammicus is an owl found only in Jamaica. The bird is mainly found in open habitats, with low tree distribution, preferably in lowland areas. Nocturnal species hunt insects, rodents, small birds, amphibians, reptiles, etc. at night. The Jamaican owl is known as the “least concerned” species because of its stable and widespread population.
4. Chestnut belly
The Coccyzus pluvialis belongs to the Cuculidae family. The bird is found in the humid lowland forests of Jamaica (both tropical and subtropical). It is also found in former forests that have been severely degraded.
3. Jamaican lizard coward
The coccyx Vetula shares the same habitat type as the chestnut belly. It is one of two species of cowards endemic to Jamaica.
2. Pigeon with a ring
The Patagioena Caribaea is one of the members of the Columbidae family endemic to Jamaica. The bird is found in the humid lowland and mountain forests of the country. Nonselective habitat loss threatens species. The forest pigeon is listed as “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List.
1. Crested quail-pigeon
An almost endangered species that Geotrigon versicolor is also a member of the Columbidae family. Birds have been recorded in the humid mountain forests of the island.